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Hydromaat and Fosmobac: new microbial biostimulants for crop care

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Soil fertility, as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), is "the ability of a soil to sustain plant growth by providing essential nutrients and favorable chemical, physical and biological characteristics as a habitat for plant growth." In recent years, it has been observed that the world's agricultural soil has been severely degraded. Specifically, about 40% of the world's agricultural soil and 24% of the planet's productive areas have suffered a loss of fertility, production capacity, and biodiversity. This reality is mainly due to various factors, such as water and wind erosion, salinity, loss of organic matter, and environmental pollution.

Therefore, research in the field has focused on the use of agroecological principles to minimize potentially harmful chemical inputs and manage ecological relationships and agrobiodiversity. The focus is on products and technologies that not only preserve, but stimulate life in the plant and soil microbiome, composed of a community of microorganisms (fungi, bacteria, actinomycetes, and protozoa) that cohabit and contribute according to their function in the system.

Microbial biostimulants are innovative technologies capable of ensuring agricultural yields with high nutritional values, overcoming the negative effects derived from environmental changes. A clear example of this revolution are the new microbial biostimulants from Futureco Bioscience: Hydromaat and Fosmobac.

Hydromaat and its strain B2352 regulate the proline dehydrogenase gene, which plays a key role in the plant's response to drought through osmoregulation. In general, this bacterium increases plant hydration, boosts photosynthetic rates, and improves plant physiology to overcome water stress. This was proven in tomato trials in which it was observed that HydroMaat alleviates the impact of drought stress, in a context where climate change is causing the prolongation of periods of water scarcity.

Fosmobac synergistically solubilizes inaccessible phosphorus, making it accessible to crops. In addition, the microorganisms included in the formulation produce the enzymes alkaline phosphatase and acid phosphatase, which play a key role in slowing down bound phosphates. This results in increased phosphorus availability and uptake in crops, as demonstrated in a trial conducted on melon. Fosmobac is an alternative to the NPK fertilizers that are usually used to achieve the proposed yields, which are based on this essential, non-renewable and finite capacity resource, so restrictions are expected in the short and medium-term.

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